1. Know Your Earthquake Risk: Not all areas are created equal. Research your region's earthquake risk and identify safe spots both indoors and outdoors.

2. Secure Your Surroundings: Earthquakes can turn furniture into missiles. Bolt heavy objects to walls, secure shelves, and place breakables in secure cabinets.

4. Drop, Cover, and Hold: The golden rule! If indoors, take cover under a sturdy table, away from windows and shelves. Hold on until the shaking stops.

5. Stay Indoors: Unless in immediate danger, remain inside until the shaking subsides. Doorways and exterior walls are NOT safe zones.

6. Move Away from Hazards: If outdoors, seek open space away from buildings, power lines, and trees. Remember, falling debris is a real threat.

7. Check for Injuries: After the shaking, assess yourself and others for injuries. Provide first aid if necessary.

8. Expect Aftershocks: Don't let your guard down. Smaller earthquakes can follow the main event. Repeat safety measures for each one.

9. Check Utilities and Leaks: Smell gas? See water dripping? Turn off gas, water, and electricity if you suspect damage or leaks. Don't touch electrical equipment if gas leaks are present.

10. Connect with Loved Ones: Use text messages or battery-powered radios to reach family and friends. Phone lines may be overloaded.

11. Follow Official Instructions: Listen to official announcements and updates from emergency response authorities. Heed evacuation orders if issued.

12. Help Others and Stay Informed: Remain calm and assist injured or vulnerable individuals. Stay updated about further instructions and potential dangers.

Bonus Tip: Practice earthquake drills with your family to ensure everyone knows what to do. Regularly review and update your earthquake preparedness plan and emergency kit.

Remember, preparedness is key! By following these 12 tips, you can significantly increase your chances of staying safe during an earthquake. Don't wait for the ground to shake, take action today!